Jordan

Economy:

  • GDP: 33.6 billion USD
  • Sectors: Agriculture 3.2% Industry 29.9% Services 67%
  • Unemployment: 14%
  • Import Partners: Saudi Arabia, China, US, Italy
  • GINI per capita: $4,950
  • Fitch Rating: B1 Stable
  • 4 Largest Cities: Amman, Zaraq, Irbid, Russeifa.

People:

  • Population Size: 8 Million
  • Religion: 97.2% Muslim, 2.2% Christian
  • Media Age: 21.8 years
  • Languages: Arabic (official), English
  • Literacy: 95.9%

Geography:

  • Total: 89,342 sq km
  • Land: 88,802 sq km
  • Water: 540 sq km
  • Border countries: Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Syria, West Bank

Media:

  • Radio: Jordan Radio and Television Corporation (JRTV); Sana TV; Ro’ya TV; ordan Series Channel; Jordan Flash Channel; Alhakeka; Nourmina Satellite Channel.
  • Television: Amman Net Radio; Radio Sawt El Ghad; Radio mood FM; Jordan Radio; Radio Rotana; Play 99.6; Amen FM; Factjo; Radio Fann; Radio Hayat FM; Radio Albalad; Ayyam FM; Mood 92; Spin Radio 94.1; Hala FM; Melody FM; HD fm; JBC radio; Beat 102.5 FM; Farah Al-Nas Radio.
  • Print: Ad-Dustour; Al-Arab Al-Yawm; Al Ghad; Al Ra’i Assabeel; Al Anbat; The Jordan Times; Al Liwaa Shihan; Al Ahali; The Star
  • Internet: 47% penetration
  • Mobile phones: 97%
  • Smartphones: 38%

Politics:

In February 1999 King Hussein died. His son Abdullah, who was appointed crown prince on January 25, becomes King Abdullah II. Abdullah II is the 41st-generation direct descendant of the Prophet Mohammad.

The Hashemites are derived from Hashem, a grandson of Qusai and the great-grandfather of the Prophet Mohammad. The Hashemites of Jordan are thus direct descendants of the Prophet through his daughter, Fatima, and her husband, Ali.

The Abbasids, Islamic caliphs from the 8th to 13th century AD, were also of Hashemite lineage. During the Abbasid Empire, the Hashemites were revered as tribal chiefs in the Arabian Peninsula, known for resolving disputes and mediating between clans. When the Abbasid Empire collapsed, the Hashemite family remained as tribal leaders in their home region of the Hijaz (the east coast of the Red Sea) and as emirs in the holy city of Mecca, which they ruled into the 20th century.

The first king Abdullah was born in 1882 in Mecca. In the Arab Revolt, Abdullah led several Arab battalions against the Ottoman Turks. He spent much of his time amongst the local bedouin tribes. In 1921, he organised his first government in Amman, thus establishing the Emirate of Transjordan.

Independence: 1946

Suffrage: None

Leadership Patterns:

  1. Abdullah I (Naif as regent)
  2. Talal
  3. Regency council
  4. Hussein (Hassan as regent)
  5. Abdullah II

Significantly Participates in:

  1. Arab League
  2. Non Aligned Movement

Military:

  • Expenditure: 2,5 Billion USD
  • Active Personnel: 110,700
  • Males fit for service: 1,439,192
  • Females fit for service: 1,384,500
  • Military Commands:  Royal Jordanian Land Force (RJLF), Royal Jordanian Navy, Royal Jordanian Air Force (RJAF), Special Operations Command (Socom); Public Security Directorate

Military Leaders:

  •  Mashal Mohammad Al-Zaben (Army)
  •  Dari al-Zaben (Navy)
  • Mansour AlJobour(Airforce)

Last Engagements:

  • Arab-Israeli War
  • Black September
  • Yom Kippur
  • Libyan Civil War
  • War against ISIL

Security Issues:

  • Islamic State (ISIS/ISIL)
  • Israel
  • Palestinian refugees
  • Syrian Civil War
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